BBC Somali

  11:00 GMT

  14:00 GMT

  18:00 GMT



Newsletter






Current Stats
13 visitors online
Total visits: 555759
View Stats
Job i Kolding område
Altaqwaa
Amin Arts
Koldingkommune
VOA
Geeska Afrika
Hadhwanaagnews
Misterwhat
Hiiraan Online
Hornafrik
Qarannews
Maktabada
Gabilley
CALANKA
Mudug-online
TvSleurope
Somaliland.org
Qorahey online
Radio Copenhagen
Radio Hargeysa
RTD- Djibouti
Shabeele
Somaliweyn
Somalitribune
Somalitalk
Somalilandnet
Togdheernews
Radio Hirad
HEESO NOOC WALBA LEH.
Afnugaal
Ducaale
All Puntland
Saacadaha dunida
Somalilandinfo
Youtube
Redsea-online
Aflax
Kolding Byrådes debat
SDWO
Ramaasnews
Harowo
oodwaynenews
Radiofreesomalia
Goljano
Hiiraanlive. New
Warya TV
Haatuf
Radio Warsan
Jamhuuriya
DR Nyheder
Dhegayso EAVAFM
Somalimediastation
HALBEEG NEWS
washaaqo.com
Wardheernews
SSE Website
Hiiraanlive. New
bclub19. New
Qumaati. New
WAASAN
SS Alberta-Canada
HARGEISA SPORTS

Waqtiga Salaada
SalaadaCopenhagen
Fajr06:57
Shuruq08:47
Dhuhr12:56
Asr14:40
Maghrib17:03
Isha18:47


Kooxda Muqdisho oo Guulo ka Gaartay Tartan ka Socda Nairobi


Dowladda oo sheegtay in 50 Shabaab in ay isku soo dhiibeyn


Wiil Soomaali ah oo dil ka geestay Australia


Xanuunka Shuban-Biyoodka Oo ka Dilaacay Gobolka Awdal


Boosaaso oo lagu qabtay gaari qaraxyo sida iyo labo nin oo la socday


Dawladda oo faahfaahin ka bixisay diyaaraddii ku dhacday Muqdisho


Dad hor leh oo cudurka shubanka ugu dhintay Burco


Xukuumada Somaliland Oo Shaacisay Qaadhaan Ururin la Samaynayo 18-ka May


Fariinta Madaxweynaha Somaliland Ee 18 May Iyo Abaaraha


Afhayeenka madaxweyne Siilaanyo oo ka hadlay saamiga la siiyey Itoobiya ee dekedda Berbera


Shirar hordhac u ah shirka London oo maanta dhacay

Wargelin: Latest news from Denmark and the rest of the world - Newsletter - - -
Hormuud News     Friday, November 17th, 2017 | 20:05
[Monday, November 13th, 17] :: Why Somaliland is East Africa’s strongest democracy

Share |
news image

 DROP a pin on a map of eastern Africa and chances are it will not land on a healthy democracy. Somalia and South Sudan are failed states. Sudan is a dictatorship, as are the police states of Eritrea, Rwanda and Ethiopia.

President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda has ruled uninterrupted since 1986, and plans to remove a constitutional age limit so he can cling on longer.

Elections in Tanzania have never ousted the Party of the Revolution (and its predecessor), which has governed since independence in 1961. Even Kenya, once the region’s most vibrant and competitive democracy, is struggling. Last month Uhuru Kenyatta was re-elected president with 98% of a preposterously flawed vote. In this context tiny Somaliland stands out.

On November 13th citizens of this internationally unrecognised state will elect a president in what is expected to be its sixth peaceful, competitive and relatively clean vote since 2001. This unparalleled record makes it the strongest democracy in the region. How has this happened?

A peculiar history helps. Somaliland was a British protectorate, before it merged with Italian Somalia in 1960 to form a unified Somalia. It broke away in 1991, and now has a strong sense of national identity. 

 

It was one of the few entities carved up by European colonists that actually made some sense. Somaliland is more socially homogeneous than Somalia or indeed most other African states (and greater homogeneity tends to mean higher levels of trust between citizens).

A decade of war against the regime of Siad Barre in Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital, reduced Somaliland’s two largest cities to rubble, yet produced a flinty patriotic spirit. And the Somali National Movement (SNM), which led the fighting, cultivated an internal culture of democracy. Its leadership changed five times in nine years, and transferred power to a civilian administration within two years of victory.

But it is the absence of international recognition that may matter most. Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, the president of Somaliland from 1993 to 2002, argued in 1999 that recognition would be dependent on the country’s pursuit of democracy. He proceeded to devise a constitution that was put to a popular referendum in 2001.

For fear of encouraging other separatist movements in the region, the international community, following the African Union, has never obliged. But rather than stunting democracy in Somaliland, this response ensured that democratisation moved from the bottom up.

Donors often impose democratic reforms on African countries as a condition of financial aid. Since unrecognised Somaliland is cut off from most external assistance, the social contract between government and citizens has become unusually strong.

Democracy evolved out of a series of mass public consultations—clan conferences—which endowed it with an unusual degree of legitimacy. The system’s most striking feature is the upper house of clan elders, known as the “Guurti”, which ensures broadly representative government and underpins much of the country’s consensual political culture.

Somaliland’s democracy is by no means spotless. Corruption is endemic, and the media are seldom critical. The influence of the clans has been muted but not eradicated. And elections are repeatedly delayed. The vote on November 13th was overdue by more than two years, and all branches of government have now outlived their mandates.

The lower house has sat for 12 years and counting; the Guurti has sat unelected since it was formed in 1993. And there may be even bigger challenges in the future. In the past year Somaliland has signed agreements with the United Arab Emirates to build a new port and a military base at the coastal town of Berbera.

The former, valued at over $400m, is the country’s largest-ever investment deal. Nation-building on a shoestring helped keep Somaliland’s politicians relatively accountable, and helped to keep the delicate balance between clans. But this may not be the case for much longer.

 

posted on Monday, November 13th, 17
sources: Economist
  |  Daabac Boggan email ugu dir saaxiib

DHAGEYSO: Guddiga doorashada Somaliland oo ka hadlay tirinta codadka


Madaxweyne Farmaajo ka hadlay mucaaradnimada lagu hayo dowladiisa


Madaxweyne Ku-Xigeenka S/land Oo lagu soodhaweeyey Gobolka Hawd


Dowladda oo shaacisay dadka ku dhintay iyo kuwa ku dhaawacmay weerarkii Soobbe


Gudoomiyaha Kumeel Gaadhka Ah Ee Xisbiga UCID Oo Dalka Lagu Soo Dhaweeyey


Xafiiska tallo bixinta dhaqaalaha ee Kolding


Madaxweynaha Somaliland Oo Waraysi-Siiyey Warbaahinta Dowlada


Wasiir Xukuumada Somaliland ka Difaacay Eedo loo Jeediyey


Madaxtooyada S/land Oo ka Hadashay Mudahaarad ka Dhacay Gabiley


Maamulka Gobolka Sanaag Oo ka Hadley Xaalada Nabadgalyo ee Gobolkaasi


Ceelbiyood Laga Hirgalindoono Gobolka Hawd Oo la Daahfurey


Duqa Minneapolis oo ka hadashay dilka askari dilkii Justine Damond


Gudoomiyaha Waddani oo Khudbad u Jeediyey Shacabka Balli-gubadle


Dhageyso: Khudbadda madaxweynaha uu u jeediyey Baarlamaanka


Madaxweynaha Somaliland Oo Beeniyey inuu Xanuun U Jiifo


Akademiyada Cilmiga Soomaaliya iyo Suugaanta iyo 40 Jaamacadood oo Muqdisho ku kulmay


Air Arabia oo Duulimaad ka Billowday Hargeysa


Ninkii Dilay Wasiir Cabaas oo Dil lagu Xukumay


Dowladda Soomaaliya oo qabatay madixii amniyaadka Shabaab ee gobalka Banaadir


Wasarada Waxbarashada S/land Oo Go”aamo Adag Ka Soo Saartay Imtixaanaadka Shahadiga